Exploring the Future of AFC – Automated Fare Collection Systems

Hello and welcome to AFC Expert! My name is Lev Denisov, and I’ve dedicated my professional life to studying, understanding, and enhancing automated fare collection (AFC) systems in public transit.

As an experienced professional in the field, I have cultivated an extensive knowledge and developed innovative insights that I’m keen to share with a wider audience.

With a focus on practicality, efficiency, and user experience, I delve into the complexities of AFC systems, offering detailed explorations and analyses of both traditional and emerging technologies.

Here on this website, you’ll find insightful blog posts, the latest news, my thoughts on emerging trends, as well as an overview of my experience and achievements in the industry.

Lev A. Denisov

Latest Insights

Stay up-to-date with my latest musings and explorations in the world of AFC. In my posts, I examine pressing issues, explore potential solutions, and highlight noteworthy advancements in the field.

Rewarding Customers for Past Actions: An Oddity Unique to Public Transit?

Open-Loop Fare Payments in Public Transit: Are They Really Open?

Public Transport: Why the Obsession with Extremes?

Open-Loop Payments in Public Transit: The Unjustified Expectations

View All Insights

About Me

Learn more about my journey in the AFC industry and the experience I bring to my analyses and discussions.


Whether you have a query, comment, or would like to discuss potential collaborations, I’d be delighted to hear from you.

Let’s delve into the dynamic and transformative world of AFC systems together!